Bible ClinicJ One

A journey into the life, times, and teachings of the Bible

by Gary D. Strunk


Lesson 5 - From Egypt to Sinai


In this lesson we will leave Egypt, cross the Red Sea on dry land, sense the impatience and lack of trust of this new nation of ex-slaves, discover Abread from heaven,@ learn about God=s Sabbath, then you will proceed to Mt. Sinai on your own.


The Passover


Even though the AFathers@ of Israel were Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph etc., to a large extent the Jewish nation dates its origin from the EXODUS.  On the night of the last plague, when all the first-born of Egypt died,  the LORD ?passed over@ those who put the blood of a lamb on their door posts.  This APassover@ marked the beginning of the religious calendar year of the Israelites.  Hereafter the first of three annual feasts was the Passover.  The inauguration of this feast is described in Exodus chapters 12 and 13.


1. What was each Israelite family to select on the tenth day of the first month of the year and then kill and eat on the fourteenth day?  Ex 12:1-6 ___________________________________________________________________


2. What symbol signaled the Lord to Apass over@ a house?  Ex. 12:7,12,13,22,23 ____________________________


The Passover is often referred to as the feast of unleavened bread because for seven days the Israelites were to put all leaven (yeast) out of their houses and eat only unleavened or flat bread.  Yeast was considered a fitting symbol for sin, for just as yeast spreads out and affects the whole loaf, so sin spreads out and affects everything it touches.  Putting yeast out of their houses symbolized putting sin out of their lives.


3. When Jesus began His ministry at the age of 30, what did John the Baptist call Him?

 John 1:29 _________________________________________________________


4. Many details in the life of the Messiah were foretold years earlier.  The prophet Isaiah (Eye zay= uh) wrote in the eighth century B.C.  How does he picture the Messiah?  Isa. 53:7. ________________________________________


All the animal sacrifices pointed forward to Jesus, the true Lamb of God.  Once Jesus died, animal sacrifices had no purpose.  Their prophetic function was fulfilled.  The ultimate consequences of sin is eternal death. The death of an animal could never make up for the eternal death a sinner deserves, but Christ=s death could, because it followed a perfect life symbolized by a lamb without blemish.  Christ offers to each of us His atoning death in place of our eternal death.  When we accept His death in place of ours, we are covered by His blood.  The destroying angel Apasses over@ us by virtue of Christ=s blood on the lintel and doorposts of our hearts.  After that, as symbolized by the unleavened bread, we put sin out of our lives using His imparted strength.


5. Why and for how long were the Children of Israel to keep the Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread?

Ex. 12:17____________________________________________________________________________________

To understand the meaning of Aeverlasting,@ see dictionary entry at end of the lesson.


6. How seriously was this requirement to be observed? Ex. 12:19 ________________________________________



Crossing the Red Sea

READ Exodus 14.

7. How did the Israelites feel about the pursuing Egyptian army? Ex. 14:10-13. _____________________________



8. Who &/or what came between the Israelites and the Egyptians all night? Ex. 14:19,20 _____________________



9. What did it give to the Egyptians? __________________________


10. What did it give to the Israelites? __________________________


11. In Psalm 78, written 500 years later, the wondrous works of God in the EXODUS and the wilderness wanderings are recapped.  The pillar of cloud by day is described as a pillar of _______________ by night? v. 14.  For forty years this brought not only light but warmth to the Israelites on cold desert nights.


12. What divided the sea and dried the sea bed? Ex. 14:21 _____________________________________________


13. What exasperating thing did the LORD do to the Egyptians? Ex. 14:23-25 _____________________________


NOTE: No generation in history ever witnessed such dramatic evidence of the existence of God, and of His judgments against their wickedness as did the Egyptians.  Because of their refusal to believe such evidence, they reached a point of no return, a point called Athe unpardonable sin;@ that point where people refuse to turn to God and do right no matter what is done for them.  So God put to death those who would destroy others without cause.


READ Exodus 16.

14. About what did the people complain after being out of Egypt for only forty-five days?

Ex. 16:1-3 __________________________________________________________________


15. Besides the quail, which He gave them for a little while, what was the Abread of heaven@ God promised?

Ex. 16:4, 14, 31. _______________________________________________


16. How much were they to gather each day? vs. 16-18 ________________________________

NOTE: If you want to know how much an omer is see v. 36.

     If that didn=t help, see the end of this lesson.


17. What happened if they tried to save some for the next day? vs. 19,20 __________________________________



18. How much were they to gather on the sixth day? vs. 5, 22-24 _______________________________________


19. How much manna fell on the seventh day? v. 25, 26 _______________________________


20. What were God=s people to do on the seventh day?  vs. 23, 29,30. ___________________________________


21. How were the people to prepare for the Sabbath? v. 23 _____________________________________________


The Sabbath had been given to man at Creation. Gen. 2:1-3.  The word Asanctify@ means to set apart for a holy purpose.  Later, Jesus said, AThe Sabbath was made for man.@ Mark 2:27.  Thus, after God rested on the seventh day, He set apart the seventh day from the other days of the week for a holy purpose, for man to rest and worship.

22. Why did God bless and sanctify the seventh day? Gen. 2:2, 3 _________________________________________


No other day has ever been blessed and sanctified as He has the 7th day.

23. For how long did God give manna to His people six days a week? Ex. 16:35, Joshua 5:12 __________________

This means that for forty years God performed a series of what we call miracles.  (Such miracles are in the natural order of things from God=s standpoint.) Miracle #1:  Every morning He provided manna, a totally nutritious food.  Miracle #2:  If kept overnight it spoiled and bred worms.  Miracle #3:  On Friday night, it would keep without spoiling.  Then, for those that might think manna was just some naturally occurring substance in the desert every morning, miracle #4: The manna was not there on Saturday morning.  But it was there again on Sunday morning.   For fifty-two weeks a year for forty years God provided manna to impress upon His people the importance of the Sabbath.  In fact the Sabbath is uniquely suited to be a test of whether a person will keep all God=s commandments.


24. Of what were the portions of manna on different days a test? Ex. 16:4,5 _______________________________



25. And when they didn=t keep the Sabbath properly, of what were they guilty? v. 28 ________________________



During the long enslavement in Egypt, the Israelites had lost sight of nearly all God=s laws.  Now they had to be taught as if it were the first time they had heard of His laws.


NOTE:  You can tell that parts of  the book of Exodus was written sometime after the actual events because of passages like Ex. 16:34.  Moses told Aaron to put an omer of manna into the ark beside the Testimony.  At the point of chapter 16, the Testimony, (The Ten Commandments) had not yet been given from Mt. Sinai, (Ex. 20) and the instructions to make an ark (a special box) had not yet been given. (Ex. 25:10-22).  Moses is here recording what Aaron did later.  Also verse 35 says the children of Israel ate manna for 40 years.  Obviously this was written later.


It would be well to read chapters 17 and 18 at your leisure before the next lesson to see some of the interesting things that happened to them on their way to Mt. Sinai.  The ARock@ in chapter 17 is later applied to Christ.


APPENDIX:  An omer is about two quarts.

See the next page for the word Aeverlasting@



























1. A one-year old male lamb with no blemish

2. Blood on the lintel and door posts

3. Lamb of God

4. Lamb brought to the slaughter or as a sheep

    before its shearers is dumb


5. Because God brought Israel out of Egypt on that day; keep it as an everlasting ordinance

6. Cut off if didn=t observe

7. Very afraid

8. Angel of God in pillar of cloud

9. Darkness

10. Light

11. Fire

12. Strong east wind

13. Took off their chariot wheels

14. Hunger for meat

15. Manna

16. One omer per person

17. Bred worms and stank

18. Two omers per person

19. None

20. Stay in place and rest

21. Bake and boil and lay up for tomorrow

22. Because God ended His work and rested on the seventh day

23. 40 years

24. Whether they will walk in my law or no

25. Of not keeping His commandments and His laws



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